[Opinion] Will 'Putin's Nato' follow Warsaw Pact into obscurity?

The leaders of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), including Russia, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Armenia, Tajikistan, and Belarus, are scheduled to meet in Moscow on Tuesday (16 May).

This organization – Russia’s version of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (Nato) – has some similar characteristics to the Warsaw Pact, which was established on 14 May 1955 in Warsaw, Poland.

Unlike most defensive alliances, the Warsaw Pact never deployed troops abroad, but only to its own member-states.

In 1956, troops were sent to suppress anti-communist protests in Hungary, where approximately 3,000 people died.

In 1968, 124,000 troops were sent to Czechoslovakia to crush the ‘Prague Spring’. Imre Nagy and Alexander Dubcek both responded to the call from their population for greater freedom. Moscow responded by violently suppressing the people and resulted in Nagy’s hanging and Dubcek’s prompt replacement.

In the CSTO’s 30 years of existence, the one and only time it sent troops was to Kazakhstan in January.

The organization ignored pleas by Armenia’s prime minister Nikola Pashinyan in its 2020 war with Azerbaijan and the Kyrgyz Republic’s request, in 2010, the refusal of which prompted Belarusian president Alexander Lukashenko to say that “further activities of the CSTO (are) unpromising, as the organization does not respond to a ‘coup d’etat’ in one of its member-states.”

Family squabble

The CSTO already has some family troubles. The leaders of the Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan are meeting – while having ongoing hostilities along the border in the Pamir mountains.

Kazakh president Kassym-Jomart Tokayev was the enabler of Putin’s shadow over Kazakhstan.

Unlike in Budapest and Prague, where Russian troops arrived uninvited and replaced the leadership, Tokayev, earlier this year, invited CSTO troops to quell protests speaking out against corruption and an increase in the price of liquified petroleum gas.

On January 7, Tokayev publicly announced a “shoot-to-kill without warning” order, leading to the deaths of at least 232 citizens.

Rather than standing with the Kazakh people and their desire for meaningful change, Tokayev played the role of former Soviet leaders Nikita Khrushev and Leonid Brezhnev, suggesting Moscow has a larger role in determining Kazakhstan’s future than do its citizens.

Now, on the 67th anniversary of the founding of the Warsaw Pact and the 30th anniversary of the founding of the CSTO, the latter is convening in Moscow to give cover that Russia is not alone in its war against Ukraine.

This is important for a population that is now starting to feel the effects of unprecedented sanctions.

Those with VPNs and who are able to get international press recognize that Russia is becoming a pariah on the world stage. A demonstration that Russia is not alone is vital for Putin to ask more of the oligarchs and Russia’s population in the days ahead.

In response to questions concerning the upcoming CSTO summit, Kremlin press secretary Dmitriy Peskov confirmed that the ongoing “special operation” in Ukraine will be discussed.

Collective response?

As Nato has Article 5 guarantees, stating that an attack on one member is an attack on all, the CSTO has similar Article 4 guaranteeswhich state that: “In the event of an act of aggression against any of the participating states, all other participating states will provide him with the necessary assistance, including military.”

With the Ukrainian military gaining confidence and strength, if there is a counter-offensive in the Donbas or Crimea, it will be seen as Moscow-interpreted Nagorno-Karabakh outside the internationally recognized territory of Armenia and beyond CSTO guarantees, or will Moscow argue that it is an attack on Russian territory and call on the members of the CSTO to join its fight against Kyiv?

A staged provocation or a possible incursion into Belarus by Ukrainian forces could similarly trigger a collective response.

Aside from troops or military equipment, Putin could call on CSTO member-states for other assistance.

Moscow has long used energy as a weapon to exert its influence and bully its neighbors. Europe’s recognition of the leverage Moscow enjoys and the accompanying financial contributions to Moscow’s war effort is placing greater restrictions on the importation of hydrocarbons from Moscow.

Already, Putin has responded by shutting off gas to Bulgaria and Poland.

Should Article 4 be implemented, Moscow may call on Kazakhstan to cease delivery of its oil shipped via Russia through the Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC). Because this oil goes to market via the Russian port of Novorossiysk, Moscow already enjoys the power to close the tap when it chooses to, as demonstrated in April.

On 1 July 1991, the Warsaw Pact dissolved when Moscow could no longer compel membership, as the countries saw the Pact serving only Moscow’s interests rather than their security.

Will CSTO member-states be drawn in to Putin’s war of aggression, or will they stand up to Moscow for the interests of their citizens and see the CSTO meet the same fate as the Warsaw Pact?


Original Article reposted fromSource link

Disclaimer: The website autopost contents from credible news sources and we are not the original creators. If we Have added some content that belongs to you or your organization by mistake, We are sorry for that. We apologize for that and assure you that this won’t be repeated in future. If you are the rightful owner of the content used in our Website, please mail us with your Name, Organization Name, Contact Details, Copyright infringing URL and Copyright Proof (URL or Legal Document) aT spacksdigital @ gmail.com

I assure you that, I will remove the infringing content Within 48 Hours.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

World News

Russian DJ Nina Kraviz is no longer performing at Detroit’s Movement Festival

click to enlarge Shutterstock Russian DJ and producer Nina Kraviz on stage at MELT Festival on July 19, 2015 in Ferropolis. Russian DJ Nina Kraviz is no longer performing at Detroit’s Movement Festival, according to a tweet by the event’s organizers. No reason was given. “Nina Kraviz is unable to play Movement this year,” the […]

Read More
World News

Singer Ed Sheeran and wife Cherry ‘so in love’ with new baby daughter

Ed Sheeran has confirmed his wife Cherry Seaborn has given birth to their second daughter. he Suffolk singer-songwriter, 31, said they were “over the moon” to be a family of four, announcing the news on Instagram. Posting a picture of baby socks, Sheeran added: “Want to let you all know we’ve had another beautiful baby […]

Read More
World News

Hiker who was missing for nearly a week found dead in Arizona. His dog stayed by his side, authorities say.

The remains of Donald Hayes, 74, were found Wednesday after he went missing on the Wood Chute trailhead on Mingus Mountain on Friday.        Original Article reposted fromSource link Disclaimer: The website autopost contents from credible news sources and we are not the original creators. If we Have added some content that belongs to you […]

Read More